Usually climate change takes the form of a humid, sometimes cold, or arid climate. I can’t talk about climate change without making mention of the state of my community ten years ago. I have spent most of my life in two major communities a local community in my village and the economic capital of my country .I will make mention of my local community because here I spent most of my life and because it is a good example of were climate change has affected .Through the years, I have noticed a drastic changed in temperature. This has played a very significant role in my growth in health and personality. As years go by, where I leave becomes more and more industrialize. This has greatly affected the climate of this region. Ten years is a long time as the drastic climate changes are now being realized. Economic growths and increase human activities has brought quite many changes to this town as compared to ten years ago .The greatest being the effect of climate change .This has affected me very much being in different aspects of life not living behind my local community and country as a whole.
The consequences of climate change in my life and country as a whole are quite enormous this will include factors such as unemployment ,ill health issues ,security instability .the future might be more adverse as further consequences such as food crises ,rise in prices of certain commodities ,the complete eradication of certain scarce species of animals ,insufficient medicinal plants ,the increase of desertification in certain part of my country, insufficient water or a good source of clean water, insufficient resources for the production of certain commodities, mountain eruption, floods, poor soils, harsh weather conditions.
Looking at employment consequences, there is reason to look from different perspectives. First the issue of rural exodus from villages to the towns have really increased, reasons being for search of employment .usually the local population was occupied by occupations such as farming ,cattle rearing and animal hunting .I can think seven years back when a little farm I owned could produce five bags of cocoyam .This same farm can only produce two and the half bags now .Therefore the future could be devastating as the number of bags will not only reduce but the quality and seizes of the cocoyam shall reduce . This has discouraged the young population in my local community causing them to leave farming hence unemployed and to flee to the cities to look for employment. The cities are not themselves saturated with job opportunities for unemployment is also an issue there .In this regard the local population fleeing to the cities end up indulging in theft and illegal activities. The future might be worst as the old age population will stop farming to if yields continue to be poor. This might lead to hunger not only to the local community but to traders who trade this food stuffs.
Another consequence will be that of health .Attributes from health related consequences will include pollution of the atmosphere by heavy emission of green house gases and industrial pollution. Putting of buckets and dishes to trap out drinking water was normal practice ten years ago .It was till now that the very water we use to collect had a different taste and had to cause illnesses such as cholera and other water related diseases to indigenes of my local community .I remember to have suffered from cholera not even from rain water but from pipe born when I lived in the city. What has our fresh, naturally cold water become? From 1980 to 1997 my country was said to have consumed only 0.1090 of its fresh water each year. I noticed that when the air is polluted with such industrial gases the rain then condenses and falls later as acid rain .This runs into the streams and kills fishes and plants living in these regions. Animals after consumption of these plants die off .Even the water we then drink is affected hence causing bad health. My community for the past two years has suffered a lot of health related problems due to inadequacy of clean drinking water. Fruits from fruit trees can not be trusted as there are now channels for diseases such as dysentery. I believe it might be worst then if nothing is done before the future takes its place.
Climate change has really made the security status of the atmosphere unstable .one can usually not predict the atmosphere any longer .usually in the past my grand father could look at the skies an tell me whether I could go out or not or to take an umbrella to school or not .At times you might see the atmosphere very dark and not go out for daily activities because it might be rainy suddenly after an hour it is all sunny again. I can remember on this hot afternoon when I had to go to school and left quite confident to school. Half way my journey it seriously rained. I only arrived school to discover I was not only wet but mud had gone all over my cloths .Indigenes in my community usually follow seasons for planting certain crops. At times the will expect the first or second rain to begin planting .The expectations are soon often not realizing themselves because the months in which the rains were expected to begin are not usually the same .Season have really change making some usual thoughts often difficult to predict and realize .If such predictions were now made, then farmers might fail. The rains might not fall at all causing crops and seeds to be damage .Hence, climate changes are certainly unsecured this days unlike in the past.
The future might be quite unkind to me and my community and country as a whole as other consequences arouse such as food rises. I usually made little gardens behind my house .This was common with people in my community. Reasons being avoid buying certain food element from the market. We planted tomatoes, green spices, carrots and other food stuffs. It is rather unfortunate that these gardens have dried up as these plants are suffering from insufficient food and droughts. This has cause me to be forced to go to buy such food stuffs I never use to buy .The problem is not just buying ,but the fact that prices of such commodities have suddenly risen in recent times .This might be due to shortages hence price inflation. I need to work harder to make out money to afford such commodities .At times when I don’t have and my parents cannot provide I cook food without certain ingredients. Prices of such commodities shall rise vastly in the future if nothing is done to amend this situation.
The increase in temperature these past years has made certain animals which I use to keep die off .Our forest use to be filled of many sorts of animals. such animals are now scarce species, moreover certain plant can no longer be seen .I know of a leave my mother use to give me to eat at any time I complain of stomach ache and head ache .This leave was very effective .I notice this leave had disappeared .Many other plants often used as medicinal plant has disappeared from my community. People need to go very far in the forest before the can see this plants. The scarce nature of this plants and animals has done quite harm to my community as illnesses that could easily be treated at home are now taken to hospital and a lot of money spent to treat them .If the climate was to continue to change in this delight then I believe all the scarce species of plants and animals will become eradicated, hence cause a lot of harm to me and my community.
When I remember the last time the mountain in my country erupted then I think of the lots of damages this caused me and my community. I lost a lot of my belongings in the course of fleeing from the area of tremor to areas were the tremor were mild. Moreover, many people in my community lost their houses, others their business premises .Hotels, hectares of land, plantations of palm and other food crops were destroyed and a lot of economic activities had to cease during this period .This caused an enormous lost to people of my community and to me and the country as a whole .The attributes of this mountain eruption was sited as a result of high temperature on the atmosphere and continues human activities around this area. Imagine with this fast rate of climate change and drastic increases in temperature then the consequences future eruptions might be soon hence leaving the future uncertain .It was speculated by scientist and said by scientist during last year that the mountain was to erupt thank GOD it did not happen.
The northern region of my country is suffering from a high rate of increase desert land .The desert keeps on stretching and entering the land .This makes the entire town very sandy and dried .An increasingly dry climate is the phenomenon here ,temperatures of 32.2 ̊C ,with dry seasons lasting from October to April making live to be very uncomfortable . The people really suffer as the sun is often overhead, affecting the movement of people and activities to unfold themselves. I had a friend that was transferred here and took six months to adapt to the climatic conditions of this area. The effect will be that further temperature rises will cause a decrease in quantity of precipitation and soil moisture this might cause further desert or making the remaining land a semi desert.
If global warming continues at the present rate or gets worst ,more water will probably evaporate from the oceans producing more rains and causing flooding especially in coastal areas with rainfalls of about 3890mm(153in) a year, more water will evaporate from the land and causing droughts and food shortages in other areas .There have been natural climate changes in the past but these have been very slow and plants and animals have been able to adapt to them .Today’s global warming is happening much more quickly it could wipe out many plants and animals species that cannot adapt in time .
what then are they solutions to this
Certainly I believe the most effective means of tackling the issue of climate change is through the use of youth-led activities. Synergic approaches such as working with a group of peers is necessary to achieve this mission. Youths have lots of potentials to help the local community and to bring a great deal to their communities and to nation at large. The essentiality lies in giving them an opportunity as a declaration for the creation of youth workers to combat climate change.
As peers identifying factors causing climate change such as; burning of bushes by indigenes, deforestation, and waste disposal, combustion of fossil fuels, and in general human activities, serves a starting point or bases for solutions. It is important to note that some of these factors constitute radiatively active gases (RAGs). The concentrated emission of these gases could intensify the earth green house effect hence causing global warming. This might lead to environmental changes and potentially devastating consequences for both natural ecosystems and the human economy. we are putting more and more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by burning more and more fossil fuel (coal, oil, and natural gas), and by clearing huge areas of forest.
There are many ways in which we could tackle the issue of climate change this includes insulating our homes, using less electricity and recycling rubbish, for example paper and metals, will slow down the production of green house gases .walking or cycling instead of driving can have a big effect and as traveling by train or bus instead of car.. Encourage the use of sources of power like wave, wind, tidal, hydroelectric and geothermal power rather than fuel burning methods.
To the best of my knowledge tackling this issue along side peers seems could be attained by gaining assess to a massive sensitization campaigns about climate change and how it affect the community as a whole .It is important to realize that the nature of the local communities and country as a whole are so stereotype to an extend were there is need for a youth led initiative or government initiative group on climate change to sensitize this population
If I was to create or to join with peers of any sort then the first strategy I will use is to sensitize them about climate change .moreover those who are educated in this line of action will bring out their own findings and knowledge learned from school .Those who do not know are going to learn .This could be possible because when I sat down with some of my school friends from different fields of studies on one occasion an asked them what the knew about climate change and how it affected them. They did give me more lights especially those who were from the science field of studies .Their ideas were really appreciating making them a key idea for solutions. I believe convincing this youthful population in creating youth led activities might bring lots of ideas being born in mind and achieved.
To begin with the local community, it is often said charity begins at home .My target at this stage is to gain each family as a whole .If all youths in this initiative were to give a brief descriptions about the above crises and to relate it to how it affect his or her family then the entire family is captured if at all the will be convinced .If captured, then that youth can then explain to them how they could avoid certain hazards from occurring in the future. A consistent check by this youth will then follow to see if the solutions are being followed. Often, in local communities there exist associations and little groups formed by the people that come together to better solve problems these groups are often very ignorant and have little knowledge about climate change parents and families who have been sensitized could further carry the knowledge to such groups thus gaining a much lager population.
Secondly this group of youths could create further branches in different communities and might give them self a general name with sub branch names .The youth group could further be trained on topics such as environmental activities including the planting of trees, methods of farming including the use of grasses as manure rather than burning, the types of fertilizers used for farming, types of farming such as subsistent farming and on animal grazing .Farmers practicing animal grazing and animal husbandry should be taught how to plant grasses for future grazing .Further, the general youth initiative country wide could form a come together or form youth camps for better share of ideas and greater concern for sensitization.
Also, the youth formed groups could take on a visit or to send two or more members to gatherings around the local community and cities to outstretch this problem an outline the ways to go about it. Better still the exist lots of youth led associations in our churches those within the group could take this ideas to their various churches to share with youth groups in the church, it could then be done in much lager audience or even preach by the priest or pastors in the churches .This is true for the fact as GOD in the Bible created trees and plants as part of his creation the book of Genesis begins with a great deal about creation .So it would not be strange if this is preach in church or other Christian communities.
To gain more audience these group initiatives could write books on climate change and distribute to the public as a whole .This will be more proper if little charts were drawn with photographs on how to attain this objectives .The charts should be drawn to the extend of sensitizing he most youngest population including those in primary school and nursery schools. This might help to catch the much younger but vast population who might then grow with this initiative in mind and may serve a greater extend in achieving these goals. In this same delight captioning poster will be pasted around the streets of cities and towns on large boards to make a more public advert.
Cigarette smoking being a great call for concern in recent times could serve a great call for sensitization as, it not only affects the smokers but our environment as a whole. Targeting smoking habits on our part as youths are getting more involve and leaving the government at a greater extend to impose bands and high taxes on producing companies could reduce or eradicate this direction of polluting habit. Smokers could be told how harmful smoking might be to them and how the smoke from the cigarette could cause climate change .Also programs could be implemented by the youths straitening rules to avoid tobacco consumption.
Not withstanding getting ourselves registered with TV stations to better do our sensitization on air could serve a purpose. Moreover averts and documentations on climate change could be passed on television, showing its effects and consequences and methods of eradication. Popularly watch programs and shows could be targeted for this purpose. This could be done on both private TV and the national station.
If climate change affects a community or a town then the country as a whole could be affected directly or indirectly .The problem of climate change is to be seen at very greater extends than it is talked about at national levels. Firstly the creation of a ministry to this effect amongst other ministry such as the ministry of environment and nature, or as a sub ministry within the ministry of forestry and wild live will give a grater perspective and solution to climate change.
The ministry at this stage could pass a decree on certain conditions and bands on factors that cause climate change including the uncontrollable nature of pollution into the atmosphere from industrial activities and the disposal of waste products of industries. Such decree will include, implementation of high penalties on industries that pollute the air, give a band on the burning of bushes in rural areas, impose high penalties on industries disposing of their waste in seas and rivers, the imposition of high taxes to be paid by vehicles with high emission rate of carbon dioxide. .The greater quality to the achievement of this attributes is to commemorate within the ministry youths-led groups to oversea the entire achievement of the ministries objectives in this line of action. It should be noted that the youths will be affected by what ever the future lies to be. So, most activities most be entrusted into their hands.
Deforestation and combustion of fossil fuels by certain industries are to a greater extend to be left in the hands of the government and not youth initiatives for solutions .my advice to government is to encourage industries to reduce the amount of fossil fuel they use by developing engines and heating systems that use fuel more efficiently .the 96.6% of 3bilion KWh of total electricity generated by electric facility has reduce very much. Moreover encourage wood production companies to plant triple of any number of trees cut not forgetting the preservation of our tree species, including bamboo, mahogany, teak, ebony and our diverse wildlife of monkeys, chimpanzees, gorillas. Hence creating homes for our enormous species made of birds and snakes. From 1990 to1995, 646000 hectares of forest were lost in my country.
More and more Scientists and geographers could be employed to work on climate changes and research done to avoid any consequences from it. The release in 1986 of a noxious mixture of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide, which had collected below the bed of a lake in my country, killed 2000 people .an operation only began in march 1995 to clear the lake of further build–up gases. There is need for early and necessary precautions to stop such disasters from occurring.
While the government ratifies internal environmental agreements pertaining to biodiversity, climate change, desertification, endangered species, law of the sea, ozone layer protection and tropical timber, with a more profound thought, the implementation of youth-led initiatives in other ministries such as ministry of public works will create a need for conservation in our natural resources. Africa seeming to be a source of food capture for the whole world in the nearest future were the youth now will be at a control of these resources should serve a precaution .Food is a source of live ,plants produce this food animals feed on plants and plants make their food from sunlight. Harmful ultraviolet radiation from that sun could be avoided together we can avoid climate changes.